Tricolour flag — A tricolour or tricolor is a type of flag or banner design with a triband design which originated in the 16th century as a symbol of republicanism, liberty or indeed revolution. One of the most famous tricolour, known as Le Tricolore, is the flag of France adopted in the French Revolution. The green-white-red tricolour remained a symbol of republicanism throughout the 19th century and was adopted as national flag by a number of following the Revolutions of It was also adopted by the Kingdom of Sardinia and this flag was a symbol of opposition against the German Kleinstaaterei and the desire for German Unification. The flag of Belgium was introduced in a context, in The first national flag of the New World inspired by this symbolism was the flag of Mexico, the Pan-Arab colors adopted in Arab nationalism are a comparable concept, even though they combine four, not three, colours. The Indian independence movement in also adopted a tricolour in the symbolism of national unification and republican self-rule. In , a red, green, and blue tricolour was proposed as the Flag of Mars, the design symbolizes liberty, and also the terraforming of Mars by humanity from a red planet to a green one, and eventually an Earth-like blue one. List of countries by style of national flags Fin flash on military aircraft, sometimes in a tricolor form Triband 2.
In the Alpine regions, the Krampus is a mythical horned figure represented as accompanying Saint Nicholas. Krampus acts as an anti—Saint Nicholas, who, instead of giving gifts to good children, gives warnings and punishments to the bad children. This figure is believed to originate from stories of house spirits such as kobolds or elves. Perchta Originally, the word Perchten plural of Perchta referred to the female masks representing the entourage of an ancient goddess , Frau Perchta, or Pehta Baba as it is known in Slovenia.
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Find out more Essentials Planning your trip Book your trip Books Features Many different ethnic groups coexist in Nepal, each with their own complex customs. Away from the tourist areas, however, ethnic groups are quite parochial, and foreign ways may cause offence. That said, many taboos relax the further and higher you head into the mountains, as Hindu behavioural norms are only partially shared by Buddhist and animist ethnic groups.
When in doubt, do as you see Nepalis doing. Nepalis will constantly be befriending you, wanting to exchange addresses, take photos and extract solemn promises that you will write to them. Another delightful aspect of Nepali culture is the familiar ways Nepalis address each other: To indicate agreement, tilt your head slightly to one side and then back the other way. To point use the chin, rather than the finger.
Caste and status Hill Nepal is less rigid than much of India, but caste is deeply ingrained in the national psyche. Foreigners are technically casteless, but in the remote far western hills they can be considered polluting to orthodox, high-caste Hindus.
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With Austria to the north, Italy to the west, Hungary to the east and Croatia to the south, Slovenia has always been a crossroads of trans-European routes. The port of Koper is a unique Central European sea gateway; the roads and the railway which as early as connected Vienna and Trieste link the Danube region with the Mediterranean, whilst north west-south east connections link Central Europe with the Balkans.
The largest part of Slovenia is taken up by the Alps, with several river sources and waterfalls and numerous endemic species of flora and Alpine fauna. The Alpine region stretches over much of the territory in the northern half of Slovenia, and includes Mount Triglav 2, metres high , a large protected natural area of 83, hectares, and the Ljubljana and Celje basins, which rank among the most densely-populated parts of Slovenia.
Slovenia is the third most forested country in Europe, with 58 per cent of its land area covered by woods and forests. It is also here that the Adriatic reaches deepest into Central Europe and exerts its climatic influence over 8.
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However, full-scale German immigration into Hungary and the lands that formerly comprised Yugoslavia — especially Slovenia, Croatia, Serbia, and Bosnia — began comparatively late, throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. At this time, most of the entire region was dominated by the German Habsburg Empire centred around modern Austria. By the Treaty of Passarowitz in , the once-respledent Ottoman Empire was crushed by the Habsburgs and sent tumbling towards its gradual collapse.
The Habsburgs rapidly grew to incorporate all of Hungary, Croatia, Transylvania today northwest Romania , and the northern portions of Ottoman Serbia called the Vojvodina and Banat that today straddle Hungary, Romania, and Serbia. Bosnia and Serbia remained under Ottoman hegemony until , and Serbia proper was never absorbed into the Habsburg orbit. What is now Slovenia had long been under Habsburg authority.
It was under this geopolitical context that the German Habsburg monarchy, in overwhemingly disproportionate ethnic control of this massive empire, subsidised ethnic German settlement throughout its dominion and into the lands of what would later become Yugoslavia. There were many provocations for Habsburg government sponsourship for ethnic German immigration. Hungary and the frontier steppe lands had been decimated and incinerated during the wars against Muslim invasion, leaving previous economic and agricultural centres in ruin.
Buda and Pest later Budapest were almost completely depopulated, and huge Christian Serb and Hungarian populations had fled northward from the Ottoman janissaries. This left huge swathes of the newly-expanded Habsburg orbit ripe for resettlement as a means of generating agricultural and material output. Equally salient was the irascible ethnic situation in the highly diverse Habsburg Empire, which included an unequally powerful German elite and Hungarian, Serb, Romanian, Croat, Slovene, Czech, and Slovak subjects with diminished linguistic, cultural, and political rights.
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Slovenia is officially known as the Republic of Slovenia and called Slovenija by its residents. Slovenia takes its name from the Slovenes, the group of South Slavs who originally settled the area. Eighty-seven percent of the population considers itself Slovene, while Hungarians and Italians constitute significant groups and have the status of indigenous minorities under the Slovenian Constitution, guaranteeing them seats in the National Assembly.
There are other minority groups, most of whom immigrated, for economic reasons, from other regions of the former Yugoslavia after World War II. Slovenia is situated in southeastern Europe on the Balkan Peninsula and is bordered by Austria to the north, Hungary to the northeast, Croatia to the south and southeast, and Italy and the Adriatic Sea to the west.
Oct 04, · Catholic Church in Slovenia topic. Saint Nicholas Cathedral, Ljubljana, is the seat of the Archbishop of Ljubljana, Primate of Slovenia. The Roman Catholic Church in Slovenia is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope in Rome.
It is closest to Serbo-Croatian, but the two are not mutually intelligible. The letters q, w, x, and y are missing. Although Calvinism played an important role during the Reformation, the only well-established Protestant group is the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Slovenia, which has about 14, members. Muslims make up about 2. The census reported only 99 Jews. About , people responded as atheists.
Freedom of religion is guaranteed in the constitution.
10 reasons to visit Slovakia
The PayPa… Piran, Slovenia. Photo by Pedro Szekely. Slovenia is probably one of the former Yugoslavian countries with the most thriving economic history is very successful.
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Lederhosen and dirdl Traditions Steeped in The Past As a result, many old traditions and customs survive. Some of these date back to Celtic and Roman times, others were introduced by Bavarian and Slavic people. A major influencing factor was the rule over the area by Charlemagne and the introduction of Christianity to the region. This subsequently evolved into the inclusion by the Church of old pagan customs into its own mythology, which ensured the preservation of older customs and tradition and has led to Austrians retained a strong sense of celebration, rituals and symbolism, resulting in many colorful and varied festivities.
Groups of men dressed in white meet at nightfall, wearing broad leather belts with heavy bells and colorful elaborate lanterns on their heads, which are works of art in themselves, tour the streets of the villages. The procession is to shed light during the dark winter months and to bring luck for the new year. These older rituals carried over from pagan times are intertwined with others that originated with the Catholic church and celebrate the goodness of Christ and giving.
Locals in Their Tracht Having a Good Time The regional varieties are pronounced and vary in color combinations, accessories and may include unique hats for men as well as women. For men the typical dress includes the Lederhosen leather pants , wool socks and rustic shoes, and for women it is the dirndl, which is a tight fitting bodice with a different color apron. Another popular celebration is Fasching carnival time , which is the period between Epiphany and the beginning of Lent.
Then there is the Christmas season, which is celebrated with much pageantry, glitter and light, especially in the larger cities. A region full of those costumes and traditions is the Salzkammergut.
Living in Slovenia
Watch this video animation to find out some interesting facts: Business culture in Slovakia is characterised through: The Slovak Republic was formed in with a land mass of 49, km2, when Czechoslovakia separated into two sovereign states. Slovakia joined the European Union in and adopted the Euro as its currency on January 1st,
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Hvar Hvar This morning your guide will meet you at your hotel for the short walk to the marina, where your private motorboat will be waiting for you. Today your motorboat will take you to explore the neighboring island of Hvar. The square is surrounded by buildings dating from the 16th — 17th centuries when the town was an important Venetian trading and seafaring center. Also in this part of town, you may wish to visit the Benedictine Convent, where the nuns spend their lives praying and weaving elaborate laces from the fibers of the agave plant.
The steep hike to the very top of the fortification is well worth it for the beautiful views over the bay. As you continue your walk south of the harbor and along the row of cafes and bars to the other side of the town, you will come to the Franciscan monastery and the exquisite Church of Gospa od Milosti Our Lady of Charity. The still functioning monastery dates back to the 14th century when it started as a hospice for ill sailors. Its museum houses a collection of works by Venetian and Croatian artists, including a magnificent 17th-century painting of the Last Supper by an unknown artist.
This afternoon your private boat will take you to explore some of the coast of Hvar as well as the neighboring Pakleni Islands.